国际复兴开发银行 the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Supports long-term human and social development that private creditors do not finance
Preserves borrowers' financial strength by providing support in times of crisis, when poor people are most adversely affected
Promotes key policy and institutional reforms (such as safety net or anti-corruption reforms)
Creates a favorable investment climate to catalyze the provision of private capital
Facilitates access to financial markets often at more favorable terms than members can achieve on their own
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development was created in 1944 to help Europe rebuild after World War II. Today, IBRD provides loans and other assistance primarily to middle income countries.
IBRD is the original World Bank institution. It works closely with the rest of the World Bank Group to help developing countries reduce poverty, promote economic growth, and build prosperity.
IBRD is owned by the governments of its 189 member countries, which are represented by a 25-member board of 5 appointed and 20 elected Executive Directors.
The institution provides a combination of financial resources, knowledge and technical services, and strategic advice to developing countries, including middle income and credit-worthy lower income countries.